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Cocaine Facts

  • There are basically two chemical forms of cocaine: the hydrochloride salt and "freebase."
  • Cocaine is classified as a Schedule 2 Controlled Substance under the federal Controlled Substances Act and is illegal in most circumstances.
  • The negative side effects of habitual cocaine use that was responsible for coining the phrase, "dope fiend".
  • In 1994, cocaine-related episodes comprised 28% of all emergency room drug-related episodes.
  • Street names: blow, 'caine, coke, cola, freeze, snow (powder), base, rock (crack), blizzard, sleet, white lady, nose candy, soda, snow cone, blanco, cubes.
  • In Texas, 200-300 cocaine overdose deaths are reported each year.
  • The number of Americans that use cocaine weekly has remained steady at around a half million since 1983 according to the 1993 Household Drug Survey; 582,000 (0.3% of the population) were frequent cocaine users in 1995 (frequent meaning use on 51 or more days during the past year.
  • Cocaine raises body temperature, heart rate and blood pressure. Even one use causes heart palpitations or cardiac arrest.
  • Cocaine is psychologically addictive and research indicates possible physical addiction.
  • Young single people are the most frequent users of cocaine, with male users outnumbering female users two to one.
  • Adults 18 to 25 years old have a higher rate of current cocaine use than those in any other age group.
  • Cocaine is a drug extracted from the leaves of the coca plant (Erythroxlon coca) which grows in South America.
  • Cocaine users will lose interest in their family, sex, jobs, just about everything, except using more cocaine.